Image Source: Geeky Gadgets.
There are some new developments in artificial intelligence. There are two paths in the field of A.I., which sooner or later are set to converge. One is the deliberate creation of artificial intelligence systems. The other is the artificial intelligence system we already have - the Internet and Cyberspace. Two reports indicate that researchers are pushing the boundaries on both fronts.
The 21 July issue of Nature published results from researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). Geeky Gadgets: "What they did was build simple neural networks composed of four neurons each that exhibited a capability to employ an input/output network." This artificial neural network was created "out of DNA, creating a circuit of interacting molecules that can recall memories based on incomplete patterns, just as a brain can." They "asked, instead of having a physically connected network of neural cells, can a soup of interacting molecules exhibit brainlike behavior?" The answer is yes; moreover this system can complete an incomplete pattern, an essential component of conscious recognition. See the report here (ref: Nature, Volume: 475, Pages: 368–372 Date published: (21 July 2011) DOI: doi:10.1038/nature10262 Received Accepted Published online .
Meanwhile Business Insider is reporting that the National Security Agency (NSA) is building an artificial intelligence system that can read minds (Hat tip: Dobroyeutro). It's based on the personal information accumulated on the internet, through marketing schemes, and on social networks:
It's called "Aquaint" (Advanced QUestion Answering for INTelligence), and PBS's James Bamford takes a stab at explaining how it works: "As more and more data is collected -- through phone calls, credit card receipts, social networks like Facebook and MySpace, GPS tracks, cell phone geolocation, Internet searches, Amazon book purchases, even E-Z Pass toll records -- it may one day be possible to know not just where people are and what they are doing, but what and how they think. "Whether it works or not, we know that it's so intrusive that at least one researcher has quit over the idea of placing such a powerful system in the hands of the an agency with little to no accountability."